Policy Factsheet

Mixed-Income Housing

Reasons for Policy

  • Spatial segregation of housing by income, race, or social class often results in unsafe neighborhoods of concentrated poverty 2
  • High poverty neighborhoods can have serious negative consequences for the well-being and life chances of children 3
  • The recent spread of socioeconomic segregation has lead to the physical and social deterioration of neighborhoods, resulting in reduced safety and health of the residents2

Community Groups

  • Local Government
  • Local Housing Authorities
  • Local Rental Property Owners/landlords

Policy Components

  • “Mixed Income Housing” is a publicly subsidized multifamily rental housing development that exists within poverty neighborhoods, with a deliberate mixing of income groups
  • Development may be new construction or conversion of existing buildings

Desired Outcomes

  • Decreased socioeconomic residential housing segregation
  • Decreased exposure to crimes against person and property
  • Decreased neighborhood social disorder
  • Improved child and adolescent mental and physical health

Level of Evidence Available to Evaluate Effectiveness of Policy

For all policies we describe on this website, we have applied the Standards of Evidence as defined by Flay et al. (2005) in the Standards of Evidence document published by Prevention Science.

The effectiveness level of this policy is 3: Insufficient Evidence Available.

The levels of effectiveness as noted are:

  1. meets criteria for policy effectiveness (consistent, positive outcomes from at least two high-quality experimental or quasi-experimental trials using a comparison group or interrupted time series design);
  2. consistent evidence available linking policy with positive outcomes from high-quality observational studies only;
  3. insufficient evidence available for policy or policy components.

Achievable Results


  1. Flay, BR, Biglan, A, Boruch, RF, Ganzalez Castro, F, Gottfredson, D, Kellam, S, Moscicki, EK, Schinke, S, Valentine, JC, & Ji, P (2005). Standards of evidence: Criteria for efficacy, effectiveness and dissemination. Prevention Science, 6(3), 151-175.

  2. Anderson, LM, St. Charles, J, Fullilove, MT, Scrimshaw, SC, Fielding, JE, Normand, J, & the Task Force on Community Preventive Services (2003). Providing affordable family housing and reducing residential segregation by income: A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 24(3S), S47-67.  

  3. Ellen, IG & Turner, MA (2003). Do neighborhoods matter and why? : Choosing a better life? Evaluating the moving to opportunity social experiment. (pg 313-338). Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.