Policy Factsheet

Community Policing

Reasons for Policy

  • Changing policing policies is a fast way to tailor drug enforcement to a specific area 2
  • Drug law enforcement can reduce supply of drugs by deterring the selling or buying of drugs 2

Community Groups

  • Law Enforcement
  • Local Government
  • Local Law Enforcement

Policy Components

  • Collaboration between law enforcement, community agencies, and neighborhood
  • Interventions and programs geared towards improving police-citizen relationships

Desired Outcomes

  • Reduction in drug offenses
  • Reduction in disorder offenses
  • Safer neighborhoods
  • Better working relationship with local law enforcement

For all policies we describe on this website, we have applied the Standards of Evidence as defined by Flay et al. (2005) in the Standards of Evidence document published by Prevention Science. 1

The levels of effectiveness as noted are: 1 = meets criteria for policy effectiveness (consistent, positive outcomes from at least two high-quality experimental or quasi-experimental trials using a comparison group or interrupted time series design); 2 = consistent evidence available linking policy with positive outcomes from high-quality observational studies only; 3 = insufficient evidence available for policy or policy components.

Level of Evidence Available to Evaluate Effectiveness of Policy

For all policies we describe on this website, we have applied the Standards of Evidence as defined by Flay et al. (2005) in the Standards of Evidence document published by Prevention Science.

The effectiveness level of this policy is 3: Insufficient Evidence Available.

The levels of effectiveness as noted are:

  1. meets criteria for policy effectiveness (consistent, positive outcomes from at least two high-quality experimental or quasi-experimental trials using a comparison group or interrupted time series design);
  2. consistent evidence available linking policy with positive outcomes from high-quality observational studies only;
  3. insufficient evidence available for policy or policy components.

Achievable Results

The effectiveness of these programs is mixed and limited by a small number of studies with poor research designs. However, generally studies show that community policing may reduce drug and disorder offenses. 2 More research is needed.

References


  1. Flay, BR, Biglan, A, Boruch, RF, Ganzalez Castro, F, Gottfredson, D, Kellam, S, Moscicki, EK, Schinke, S, Valentine, JC, & Ji, P (2005). Standards of evidence: Criteria for efficacy, effectiveness and dissemination. Prevention Science, 6(3), 151-175.
     

  2. Mazerolle L, Soole DW, Rombouts S. (2007). Street-level drug law enforcement: A meta-analytic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews, 2.