Immediate Influence

School attendance

Parent construct: Effective Schools

A strong link exists between poor school attendance and school drop-out and academic failure, making it difficult for adolescents to succeed in work and life. We also know that students who attend school regularly use fewer drugs, alcohol, and tobacco; are less violent; and are less likely to have risky sex compared to students with high rates of absenteeism.1,2,3 School attendance is also linked with student behaviors that lead to good mental and physical health and it provides students with opportunities to participate in school-related activities that promote student mental and physical health.4


  1. Kirby, D. 2002. The Impact of Schools and School Programs upon Adolescent Sexual Behavior Journal of Sexual Research 39: 27 - 33  

  2. Rutter, M., & Maughan, B. (2002). School effectiveness findings, 1979-2002. Journal of School Psychology, 40(6), 451-475.  

  3. Suss, A.L., Tinkleman, B.K. Freeman, K., & Friedman, S.B. (1996). School attendance, health-risk behaviors, and self-esteem in adolescents applying for working papers. Bulletin of the New York Academy of Science, 73(2), 255-266.  

  4. Jessor R; Turbin M S; Costa F M. Protective factors in adolescent health behavior. Journal of personality and social psychology 1998;75(3):788-800.