Background Influence

Access to alcohol

Parent construct: Physical environment

Neighborhoods that allow easy access to alcohol have more problem-drinking, more crime and violence, and more alcohol-related injuries. Reducing the number of alcohol outlets in a neighborhood can reduce all of these problems.1,2 Increasing the tax on alcoholic beverages will also produce a substantial reduction in these problems.3 Reducing young people’s exposure to alcohol advertising also contributes to reducing problem drinking and alcohol-related problems.4

Related Interventions



  1. Campbell, C.A. et al. (2009). The effectiveness of limiting alcohol outlet density as a means of reducing excessive alcohol consumption and alcohol-related harms. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 37(6), 556-569.  

  2. Popova, S., Giesbrecht, N., Bekmuradov, D., & Patra, J. (2009). Hours and days of sale and density of alcohol outlets: Impacts on alcohol consumption and damage: A systematic review. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 44(5), 500-516.  

  3. Wagenaar, A.C., Tobler, A.L., & Komro, K.A. (in press). Effects of alcohol tax and price policies on morbidity and mortality: A systematic review. American Journal of Public Health.  

  4. Anderson, P., de Bruijn, A., Angus, K., Gordon, R., & Hastings, G. (2009). Impact of alcohol advertising and media exposure on adolescent alcohol use: A systematic review of longitudinal studies. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 44(3), 229-243.