Kernel Factsheet — Reinforcement Kernel

Direct Praise Notes


  • Education
  • Workplace
  • Community
  • Family

Developmental Phases

  • Infancy and Toddlerhood
  • Early Childhood
  • Childhood
  • Early Adolescence
  • Adolescence
  • Emerging Adulthood



Impacted Behaviors

+ Be more socially competent
+ Improve mental health
+ Improve productivity
+ Improve cooperation
+ Do better at school
Reduce ADHD, aggression and problem behaviors

Performance and Impact

Effective in improving positive family attention to child, social competence, school adjustment and engagement, academic achievement, work performance, and reducing problem behaviors, aggression and negative/harsh interactions; unites adults; protection against substance abuse and related antisocial behaviors. 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6


  1. Cabello, B. & Terrel, R. (1994). Making students feel like family: How teachers create warm and caring classroom climates.. Journal of Classroom Interaction, 29(1), 17  

  2. Embry, D.D., Flannery, D.J. & Vasonyi, A.T. (1996). PeaceBuilders: A theoretically driven, school-based model for early violence prevention.. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 12, 91  

  3. Farber, H. & Mayer, G.R. (1972). Behavior consultation in a barrio high school.. The Personnel and Guidance Journal, 51(4), 273  

  4. Emerson, E. & Heap, C. (1989). Anote on the use of peer assistance and praise to increase engagement and productivity on a vocational assembly task.. Mental Handicap Research, 2(2), 186–196  

  5. Butterworth, T., Mayer, G.R., Nafpaktitis, M. & Sulzer-Azaroff, B. (1983). Preventing school vandalism and improving discipline: A three-year study.. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 16(4), 355–369.  

  6. Bullara, D.T., Clementi, T., Clement-Robertson, E., Mayer, G.R., Mitchell, L.K. & Myatt, R. (1993). dropout prevention program for at-risk high school students: Emphasizing consulting to promote positive classroom climates.. Education and Treatment of Children, 16(2), 135