Evidence-based Behavioral Kernels

An evidence-based kernel is the smallest unit of proven behavioral influence. Every kernel has experimental studies proving it works.

Kernels have all sorts of uses for Promise Neighborhoods.

  • Kernels can successfully treat substance abuse.
  • Kernels can reduce violence.
  • Kernels can improve infant health and development
  • Kernels can improve family life.
  • Kernels can improve educational outcomes.

A great value of kernels is that they are low-cost, can be spread by word of mouth or demonstration. The effects can be easily proven in your own neighborhood. Here are just a few kernels.

To learn more about kernels, read What is a Kernel?

In the Education

Kernel NameCategoryDevelopmental Phases
Beat the Timer Reinforcement Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Direct Praise Notes Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Graphic/Node Maps Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Meaningful Roles Reinforcement Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Mystery Motivators/Prize Bowl Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Nonverbal Transition Cues Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Omega-3 Physiological Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Peer-to-Peer Tutoring Relational Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Pleasant Greeting Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Public Posting of Feedback for Behavior Change Reinforcement Prenatal, Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence
Response Cards Antecedent Prenatal, Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood
Response Cost Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Self Monitoring Relational Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Soft Team Competition Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Structured or Organized Play Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Verbal Praise Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood

In the Workplace

Kernel NameCategoryDevelopmental Phases
Beat the Timer Reinforcement Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Direct Praise Notes Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Graphic/Node Maps Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Meaningful Roles Reinforcement Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Mystery Motivators/Prize Bowl Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Nonverbal Transition Cues Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Pleasant Greeting Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Public Posting of Feedback for Behavior Change Reinforcement Prenatal, Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence
Reinforced Reduced TV Time Physiological Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Response Cards Antecedent Prenatal, Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood
Response Cost Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Self-Modeling Antecedent Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Self Monitoring Relational Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Soft Team Competition Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Structured or Organized Play Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Verbal Praise Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood

In the Community

Kernel NameCategoryDevelopmental Phases
Beat the Timer Reinforcement Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Direct Praise Notes Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Graphic/Node Maps Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Meaningful Roles Reinforcement Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Mystery Motivators/Prize Bowl Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Nonverbal Transition Cues Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Omega-3 Physiological Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Peer-to-Peer Tutoring Relational Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Pleasant Greeting Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Public Posting of Feedback for Behavior Change Reinforcement Prenatal, Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence
Response Cards Antecedent Prenatal, Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood
Response Cost Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Self-Modeling Antecedent Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Self Monitoring Relational Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Soft Team Competition Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Structured or Organized Play Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Verbal Praise Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood

In the Family

Kernel NameCategoryDevelopmental Phases
Beat the Timer Reinforcement Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Graphic/Node Maps Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Meaningful Roles Reinforcement Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Mystery Motivators/Prize Bowl Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Nonverbal Transition Cues Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Omega-3 Physiological Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Self-Modeling Antecedent Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Self Monitoring Relational Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Soft Team Competition Relational Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood
Verbal Praise Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence, Emerging Adulthood

In the Other Neighborhood-level

Kernel NameCategoryDevelopmental Phases
Direct Praise Notes Reinforcement Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Pleasant Greeting Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence
Response Cost Antecedent Infancy and Toddlerhood, Prenatal, Early Childhood, Childhood, Early Adolescence, Adolescence